History Webpage Content
CHAPTER – 1
What ,Where How and When
This chapter discusses the beginnings of human civilization—how, when, and where? What did hominids in the past eat? What did they dress in? What sort of homes did they occupy? Learn about the significance of archaeological evidence such as inscriptions, manuscripts, and other types. would also briefly consider what an archaeologist does. Additionally, the chapter discusses the numerous occupations that developed historically and the roles that people played in order to live their lives. Hunters and gatherers eventually transitioned to farmers, then merchants, artisans, and crafters. Later, more monarchs and rulers entered the picture. The chapter will conclude by showcasing various ethnic groups’ cultural customs.
CHAPTER – 2
On The Trail of The Earliest People
The documentary “On the path of the oldest humans” is based on archaeologists’ investigations into the lifestyles of our ancestors. The many periods of ancient history are examined in this chapter. What did they eat? How did the prehistoric man live? When did the practise of raising animals begin? And a few similar questions have also been addressed in the chapter. The usage of tools and the likelihood of using fire are covered in this chapter. The earth’s changing temperature and how it affects the growth of settlements are also topics covered in this chapter.
CHAPTER – 3
From Gathering To Growing Food
The chapter’s primary topics are the impacts of the spread of farming and herding, archaeological evidence of early crops, animals, dwellings, tools, pottery, graves, etc., and a case study of the North-West and the North-East. The history of hunter-gatherers will be explained to the students at the chapter’s conclusion, along with the causes of their wandering. The pupils will also have a comprehensive understanding of the various tools utilised and the history of farming and herding. The students will study the division of labour and assess how society is currently divided into different types of jobs.
CHAPTER – 4
In the Earliest cities
This chapter includes information on the Harappan Civilization’s settlement pattern, distinctive architectural elements, craft production, the definition of urbanisation, and a case study of the North-West. Here, it introduces the notion that diverse expansion methods and their logic help to explain how various administrative systems have developed and how prasastis and caritas are utilised to rewrite political history. In what is now Pakistan, Harappa was a sophisticated metropolis. The renowned East India Company stumbled onto Harappa in 1856 while constructing a railroad. At first, the workmen mistook the remains for those of a typical ruined city and started building with bricks. The archaeologists began to investigate the site around 80 years ago after realising that it was not one of the typical ruins.
CHAPTER – 5
What Do Books and Burials tell us ?
This chapter discusses the Vedas and what they have to say as well as a modern chalcolithic village, helping us to understand the simultaneous nature of various events across the subcontinent. Additionally, it teaches basic textual analysis techniques that build on already established archaeological analytical abilities. Om, according to the Vedas, is the sound that symbolises the universe’s creation, maintenance, and annihilation. Green burials include burying a deceased person’s body in the ground in a method that doesn’t hinder its natural decomposition and promotes soil recycling.
CHAPTER – 6
Kingdoms ,kings and an Early Republic
This chapter introduces the idea of the state and its variants while also discussing the Janapadas to Mahajanapadas and case studies of Bihar, Magadha, and the Vajji confederacy. It also discusses the use of literary sources in this context. Read about the rulers, their lands, and their customs and civilizations. At first, kingship was not hereditary. They were selected. As a result, we would also learn about how someone may become a king. In addition, we would learn about the towns governed by these rulers and how certain cities developed into becoming more powerful than others. Students would also study these kingdoms’ taxation policies. Finally, the chapter would also educate us on the agricultural developments in these kingdoms.
CHAPTER – 7
New Questions and Ideas
Learn about new schools of thinking in this chapter. An introduction to Buddhism opens the chapter. It covers the life of Gautam Buddha. The Upanishads are next discussed in the chapter. Will you educate us on their compositional style and content? Jainism would also be explained to the students. Students will also be given an introduction to the sangha, or community, of Buddhists and Jains. The chapter would conclude with information about the monasteries. These were akin to the monasteries where Jain and Buddhist monks would reside. This chapter introduces passages from sources pertaining to those traditions and outlines the fundamental principles of the ancient systems of thought as well as the environment in which they arose and thrived.
CHAPTER – 8
Ashoka ,The Emperor who gave up War
This chapter discusses Ashoka’s biography by explaining his kingdom and forefathers. Ashoka was one of the greatest kings of the Indian subcontinent. The lifestyles of the inhabitants of Ashoka’s reign are revealed to us. We also learn about his empire’s management. The legendary Kalinga War is discussed in the chapter, which inspired Ashoka to renounce violence and take up the practise of dhamma, or Dharma. The chapter would conclude by outlining Ashoka’s understanding of and application of the dhamma and his teachings. This chapter introduces the idea of an empire and demonstrates how historical knowledge may be gained through inscriptions.
CHAPTER – 9
Vital Villages ,Thriving Towns
Start this chapter by examining the historical development of iron implements. These devices were employed to boost agricultural productivity. We’ll research the newly created irrigation techniques. The chapter also describes three different types of villagers from the south, the north, and the remainder of the nation. Students will also learn about the many tales and sculptors that depict those eras. The chapter also discusses coins and how they have evolved over time. After reading about Mathura, one of the rare places that is famous for numerous things, we would conclude with a quick overview of the crafts of the period.
CHAPTER – 10
Traders ,kings and pilgrims
This chapter describes how various goods were traded between India and the rest of the globe. We learn about the stones and metals found in India in this chapter, along with their worth in other nations. Then, we find out about the new coastal kingdoms that governed navigation across waterways. We also learn a little bit about how these settlements are run. The popularity of silk and the Silk Road are other topics covered in this chapter. Following that, we discover more about pilgrims and the rise of a new school of Buddhism. The chapter also discusses the growth of bhakti, or deity devotion.
CHAPTER – 11
New Empires and Kingdoms
The introduction of Prashastis and the king Samudragupta is the first part of this chapter. Also learn about the Gupta dynasty’s lineages from these Prashastis. Additionally, Harshavardhana, the emperor, is covered. The Pallavas and the Chalukyas, two of the most powerful dynasties in south India, are also discussed in this chapter. We also study how these kingdoms were governed. In addition to the administration, we discover more about everyday life in these kingdoms.
CHAPTER – 12
Buildings ,Paintings and Books
This chapter describes the many structures that appeared during that time. Read about brick and stone buildings and the significance of their designs. The chapter also discusses the building of stupas and temples. Additionally, historical paintings have been referenced. This chapter also discusses the value of books as a reliable source of knowledge. Additionally, we study sacred narratives like the Puranas. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of science books published at this time.